Y. Teguh Bayu Kristiawan (left), the Program Manager of PMM KARINAKAS (foto: Caritas Germany)
For some people in Boyolali district, using firewood or LPG for cooking is their daily routine. The using of firewood seems to be simple but in the long term, it will harm the preservation of nature which in turn will impact on drought, landslide, flood, and so on.
According to BPBD of Boyolali district, the potential hazards in Boyolali district consist of Geology hazard (Merapi volcano eruption, landslide, and earthquake) and Hydro-Meteorology hazard (flood, tornado/waterspout, and drought/forest fire).
Seeing this condition, Karitas Indonesia Keuskupan Agung Semarang (KARINAKAS) through the PMM (Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri/Building Community Resilience) Program made serious efforts to escalate the community capacity to reduce the disaster risk by resources owned or by other parties help. KARINAKAS chose Biogas program.
This Biogas Program is held by KARINAKAS in Cluntang, Sruni, and Mriyan Villages, Musuk Sub-district; Suroteleng, Samiran, Klakah, and Tlogolele Villages, Selo Sub-district; and Wonodoyo Village, Cepogo Sub-district.
Why biogas is chosen? There are 4 reasons. First, almost one third of the population of Boyolali are cattle raisers. They raise for about 88,533 dairy cows and 98,248 bryeef cattles. This fact is potential for the provision of biogas raw material. Second, biogas is environmentally friendly, because by using biogas, the use of firewood can be reduces so we can avoid the tree logging. The community is also helped in processing the cow manure which in turn can reduce the CH4 emission and produce organic fertilizer. Third, the making of biogas is very easy, the operation is simple and safe. Fourth, it is cheap and efficient. The investment needed to build 1 unit of biogas is about Rp 2,5 million to Rp 4 million, but in the long term, the people can save the expense because they do not need to use firewood or LPG when cooking.
In his presentation at the Launching of the Cooperation of BNPB and Caritas Germany at The 101 Hotel of Yogyakarta, on 3-4 Februari 2016, Y. Teguh Bayu Kristiawan, the Program Manager of PMM KARINAKAS, stated that the learning of the Biogas Program is strengthening the mutual cooperation habit, creating the creative and innovative utilization of local resources, transferring the knowledge to the community and they can manage the fund until it keeps flowing. Other than the Biogas Program, KARINAKAS through the PMM Program also do the mentoring of the study of disaster risk and introduction to PRB and climate change to the Elementary School students. (Author: Ferry, translated by: Mita)